Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

At Comprehensive Ear, Nose, Throat, patients with snoring and sleep apnea are diagnosed and treated in a professional manner. We worked closely with the major sleep laboratories in the communities to ensure the best treatments. For patients with snoring alone, we do offer in office procedures aimed at reducing snoring. These in-office procedures are performed under local anesthesia and usually involved very little discomfort.
The following are some of the frequently asked questions regarding obstructive sleep apnea:

What is sleep apnea?

Sleep Apnea is defined as a cessation, or near cessation, of respiratory airflow (measured at the nostrils) lasting 10 seconds or longer during sleep.

What is snoring?

A noise produced primarily with inspiration during sleep, caused by vibration of the soft palate. Snoring implies incomplete obstruction of the upper airway.

What are the different types of sleep apnea?

The most common types of sleep apnea are central sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea and mixed apnea.

Who might suffer from obstructive sleep apnea?

Almost anyone, from young children to adults, can suffer from obstructive sleep apnea.

How can I tell if I have obstructive sleep apnea?

Patients’ bed partners can sometimes notice that they have episodes of cessation of breathing during sleep. More commonly, patients themselves would not feel rested after a long night of sleep; some other symptoms can include morning headaches, daytime sleepiness, the need for frequent daytime naps, fatigue, inability to concentrate, decreased memory and mental function. Children can be observed by their parents to see if they have cessation of breathing, loud snoring, and gasping for air.

How can I know for sure if I have obstructive sleep apnea?

The gold standard for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea is a sleep study.

How is snoring related to obstructive sleep apnea?

Up to 30% of loud snorers also suffer from obstructive sleep apnea.

If obstructive sleep apnea is not treated, what are the long-term effects on health?

Untreated obstructive sleep apnea increases the risk for developing hypertension, stroke, heart attacks, memory loss, impotence among others.

What are the treatments available for obstructive sleep apnea?

The main treatments for obstructive sleep apnea are appliances and surgery. The appliances include CPAP and biPAP machine. CPAP is Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and biPAP is biphasic Positive Airway Pressure. These machines provide positive pressure to keep the airway open during sleep.

What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?

Surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea is commonly performed if the patients can not tolerate or do not want to use the CPAP machine. The types of surgery performed depend on the sites of obstruction,such as the nose, soft palate, or tongue base. For example, nasal surgery, such as septoplasty and turbinate reduction, is performed to relieve obstruction in the nose.

damionSleep Apnea